The Identification of Dzū al-Qarnayn by Dr. ‘Adnaan ben Ibraaheem

Al-Shaykh Dr. Aboo Muhammad ‘Adnaan ben Ibraaheem (الشيخ الدكتور أبو محمد عدنان بن إبراهيم) is a Palestinian / Austrian ‘Aalem from Ghazzah (Palestine), with a massive knowledge of Islaam, for he is a haafeth (حافظ), expert in tafseer (التفسير), Hadeeth (الحديث), Seerah (السيرة), history (التاريخ), poetry (الشعر), the Arabic Grammar / Nahw (النحو), the Arabic language, logic (المنطق) and all branch of the religion. He has studied also Medicine. Furthermore he speaks many languages, including Bosnian, German and English. He lives in Vienna, the Republic of Austria.

Dr. Adnan Ibrahim (second from the right) with Syaikh Dr. Said Ramadhan al-Buthi (center)

I know him personally, for when I was the ambassador of the League of Arab States to the UNO in Vienna, he was a young staff member of the embassy. At the same time he was the imam of my masjed in the city. At that time he was about thirty years old, and would be in his early fifties in this year of two thousand and fifteen. He is naturalized Austrian national. He was my respected sheikh for about two years (1992-1994). I understand from his website ( that he has his own organization now.

When I was researching for this book, I googled Ya-jooj and Ma-jooj (يأجوج ومأجوج) in Arabic and among other results came two Jumu’ah Khutbahs of his on the issue I was researching for.

Dr. Aboo Muhammad acknowledges in his sermon that the identification of Dzū al-Qarnayn (ذوالقرنين) he was about to make is from the Indian Sheikh Abul Kalam Azad (Abu Al Kalam – which is Pen Name – Muhiyuddin Ahmed Azad, born in Makkah Al Mukarramah on 1888 from an Indian ‘Aalem and author and an Arab woman from Al Madeenah Al Munawwatah, daughter of the scholar and author Sheikh Muhammad Zaaher Watri and passed away in India on 1959.

Azad was a member of the Indian Independence Movement together with Gandhi: see picture below: source of these information is Wikipedia). This sermon of Aboo Muhammad was published on his website on June 26, 2013. Here are some excerpts from his sermon concerning this particular issue.

Azad with Patel and Gandhi at AICC meeting in Bombay, 1940. The picture is from Wikipedia.

“Allaah doesn’t say: “The sun sets in a spring of murky water” but does say that Dzū al-Qarnayn “Found it sets in a spring of murky water”.

The Arabic word used in the original Arabic is “Wajadahaa (وجدها)” which means “Ra-aahaa (رآها) ” which means: “he saw”: so it is Dzū al-Qarnayn who “saw” the sun setting in a spring…”. The earth is round, therefore there is not an absolute east or an absolute west, but all is relative: every person sees the sun setting at his horizon to the west, and disappearing.

The Word “Hame-aten (حمئة) ” in the Aayah: most of the scholars interpret it as “Teen (طين) ” which is soil or dirt or clay.

Dzū al-Qarnayn left for a military campaign and was victorious all the way to the west of his country until he reached the westernmost point of his campaign and could go no further, because there was the Aegean Sea at this point. Dr. ‘Adnaan said:

” آخر مكان بلغه و لم يجاوزه لأن أمامه البحر

These words mean: “This was the last place he reached and did not go beyond it because the sea in front of him stopped him.

This picture is from the book “The Complete Guide to Bible Prophecy” by Stephen M. Miller, published by Barbour, page # Ninety four (94). This maps shows the borders of the empire of Cyrus: the Aegean Sea to the west and the Caspian Sea to the east.

The Aegean Sea has many Gulfs or Fjords that go inside the land of Turkey. One of these Gulfs is the Gulf of Izmir, which goes deep into the land for one hundred eighty kilometers.

There is the river called Gadez river that flows into this Gulf of Izmir, and this river carries a large amount of soil and dirt from the mountains of Anatolia and deposits it in the Gulf. This deposit of soil and dirt filled part of this waterway and converted it into a solid land.

An example of this are the two ancient port cities of Ephesus (The city of the Seven Sleepers) and Meleta that used to be on the Gulf of Izmir and are now so many kilometers away from this Gulf.

In fact the Turkish government is working on a plan to change the course of this rivers to avoid the port of Izmir getting the same fate of Ephesus.

There are high mountains surrounding this waterway, and for a person on the highland the Gulf of Izmir with its deposits of soil and dirt looks like a spring.

Gediz River rises from Murat Mountain and Şaphane Mountain in Kütahya Province and flows through Uşak, Manisa and İzmir Provinces. It joins the sea in the northern section of the Gulf of Izmir, close to the gulf’s mouth, near the village of Maltepe in Menemen district, south of the coastal town of Foça. From Wikipedia

The Gediz River at Izmir, Turkey.

After identifying that the westernmost point Dzū al-Qarnayn had reached was the Izmir Gulf of the Aegean Sea, he gives us his name of “Qurush (قرش) / Gorsh” and that the Greek pronounced it as “Cyrus” and tells us in few words who he was.

Ebnu Hazm Al Thaaheree (ابن حزم الظاهري) may Allaah have mercy on him, said that Qurush was in a boat in the Gulf of Izmir and saw the sun setting down from his boat.

The Greek historian Herods reports in his book “History” that Qurush first went to the west, then to the east, then to the north where he built the Wall of Dzū al-Qarnayn.

In the Book of Daniel in the Old Testament Dzū al-Qarnayn is mentioned only once by the name of “Dzū al-Qarnayn” His journey to the north took Qurush to the Black Sea and to the Caspian Sea.

Between these two seas are two rivers called “Nahru Sayrus” and “Nahru Qurush” in the Armenian language” (Because sometimes in history this region was part of Armenia, then to Azerbaijan, and now is part of Georgia).

Wallahu a’lam bishshawaab

Published by: RiseTAFDI team

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